Which OT references match which Gospel references?:
The key to matching the references is the use of Word and/or Phrase Association
A. Proverbs 30.4 V. John 3.13
Who has ascended into heaven, or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, if you know?
No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven.
= Jesus gives Nicodemus a clear Phrase Association with the prophecy in Proverbs 30.
B. Isaiah 45.22 Y. John 3.14-15
Look to Me, and be saved, all you ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up,that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have Eternal Life.
= Again, Jesus gives Nicodemus a clear Phrase Association that explains how His subsequent Crucifixion is the key to ‘be saved’ and to ‘have Eternal Life’. His answer is in response to Nicodemus’s failure to make the Phrase Association!!:
Nicodemus answered and said to Him, ‘How can these things be?’ Jesus answered him,‘Are you the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things?…’
C. Ezekiel 36.25-26 Z. John 3.5
I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.
Jesus answered, ‘Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God…..’
= Jesus gives a clear Phrase Association to the actions of Messiah prophesied in Ezekiel 36 & 37. Nicodemus could hardly fail to make the Phrase Association…but he clearly does fail, and Jesus helps him by making additional Phrase Associations in 3.13 & 14-15 above
D. Proverbs 1.28-29 X. John 7.34-35
They will call on me, but I will not answer; they will seek me diligently, but they will not find me. Because they hated knowledge and did not choose the fear of the LORD,
‘You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come.’ Then the Jews said among themselves, ‘Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him?….’
= A Phrase association that would have been familiar to ‘the Jews’, most of whom knew their OT by heart.
E. Psalm 2.7 T. Matthew 3.17
I will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, today I have begotten You.
Suddenly a voice came from heaven ,’This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.’
= Psalm 2 refers to Messiah, and the underlined phrases refer specifically to Jesus at both His First and His Second Comings:
Why do the nations rage, and the people plot a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against His
Anointed, saying, ‘Let us break their bonds in pieces and cast away Their cords from us.’ He who sits in the heavens shall laugh; The Lord shall hold them in derision. Then He shall speak to them in His wrath, and distress them in His deep displeasure:
‘Yet I have set My King On My holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You. Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth for Your possession. You shall break them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.’
Now therefore, be wise, O kings; be instructed, you judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and you perish in the way, when His Wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him.
F. Zechariah 14.8 R. John 7.37-38
In that Day it shall be that living waters shall flow from Jerusalem,
Jesus stood and cried out, saying, ‘If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’
= The identification of Messiah, and Jesus as Messiah, with the ‘Living Waters’ and ‘The Fountain of Living Water’ is made in several references including Jeremiah 2.13 and 17.13, Ezekiel 47.8-9, and the above Zechariah 14.8. Jesus refers to Himself as the ‘Living Waters’ in His famous declaration in John 7, and also in His dialogue with the Samaritan Woman in John 4. For those who heard His declaration in John 7, the Phrase Association with Zechariah 14.8 would have been easily recognized.
G. Deuteronomy 17.6 P. John 8.17
Whoever is deserving of death shall be put to death on the testimony of two or three witnesses;
It is also written in your Torah that the testimony of two men is true.
= a clear Phrase Association reference
H. Isaiah 42.1 W. Matthew 12.18
Behold! My Servant whom I uphold, My Elect One in whom My soul delights! I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the Gentiles.
He warned them not to make Him known, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:
Behold! My Servant whom I have chosen, My Beloved in whom My soul is well pleased! I will put My Spirit upon Him, and He will declare justice to the Gentiles.
= a clear quote…in which Jesus identifies Himself as Messiah.
Jesus clearly identifies Himself in numerous incidents in the Gospels….but usually by referring to Word and Phrase Associations in the OT, particularly in Isaiah. His listeners would have made the Associations….and needed to do so in the OT because the OT was the ONLY frame of reference by which Jesus could be assessed whether He was Messiah or not.
I. Isaiah 50.10 Q. John 12.35
Who among you fears the LORD? Who obeys the voice of His Servant? Who walks in darkness and has no light? Let him trust in the Name of the LORD and rely upon his God.
Jesus said to them, ‘A little while longer the Light is with you. Walk while you have the Light, lest darkness overtake you; he who walks in darkness does not know where he is going. While you have the Light, believe in the Light, that you may become sons of Light.’
= Jesus uses the Phrase Association of who walks in darkness then compares trust in the Name of the LORD and rely upon his God with believe in the Light. He had identified Himself as The Light of the world in John 8.12, and the connection between His identification of Himself as the Light and trusting and relying upon God would have been a clear and unmistakeable challenge to His listeners.
J. Genesis 6.4 N. Jude 1.6
There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them.
The angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode,
= The connection with the incident in Genesis 6 is clear. For a ‘commentary’ on the Genesis 6 incident you might like to refer to 3 previous Blogs.
K. Psalm 89.48 U. John 8.51
What man can live and not see death? Can he deliver his life from the power of the grave?
Most assuredly, I say to you, if anyone keeps My Word he shall never see death.
= This clear Phrase Association answers
1. the question posed by Ethan the Ezraite who wrote Psalm 89…and more pertinently
2. the challenge of John 8.48 in which the Jews answered and said to Him, ‘Do we not say rightly that You are a Samaritan and have a demon?’
Jesus identifies Himself, again, as Messiah, and tells ‘the Jews’ that to accuse Him of ‘having a demon’ was ‘to dishonour Him’.
L. Deuteronomy 18.15 S. Matthew 17.5
The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear,
Behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!’
= The clear Phrase Association in which God recommends the correct response to Messiah!!
To ‘hear’ is the Hebrew word 8085 sh’ma, and it means to hear someone carefully, as well as responding appropriately in obedience or action.
M. Isaiah 55.1 O. John 4.10
Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
Jesus answered and said to her, ‘If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you Living Water.’
= Note the answer/explanation to F. Zechariah 14.8 = R. John 7.37-38
I hope that you enjoyed matching the references.
I hope that you enjoyed matching the references.